The Wilderness

The Wilderness

I’ve missed blogging, both on this blog and on our Travel Adventure site. I usually say these posts are more for me – as a diary of where my life was going, where it went and where it needs to be (this site is more for where it needs to be). As I am aging, I see more and more the need to have these events documented somehow. I am so sad I never blogged about all of our motorcycle adventures (many were pre-blog days) nor do I have a good journal of our early years in Florida (2004-2011). I started a few journal entries to keep our daughter informed of those times – but until I actually began blogging, those memories are now about lost except on some digital and paper photos “somewhere.”  Continue reading

What do you do when your world is ROCKED?


Bill on top of Hanging Rock State Park, Danbury, NC. This was a milestone moment for him as he is petrified of heights, but yet he loves to hike! He was here in September 2014.

It’s been six months since Bill was given the shocking news he had heart disease and could suffer a massive heart attack anytime! That was what the radiologist told him on December 15, 2016. We will never forget that day – and now we join the club of understanding what it is like when your world is ROCKED with a health diagnosis that wasn’t expected.

We would like to be encouragers to others who also might get a horrific diagnosis, whether heart, cancer or some other life threatening diagnosis. Both of our fathers and my step dad succumbed to cancer – so we have intimately walked the cancer journey and that was really our fear – never heart disease. While on our current journey to better health, and to reverse his heart disease (YES, that is possible), we have stumbled across the fact that our new low sodium Hearth Healthy Diet (whole foods, very few processed foods, lean meat, lots of fresh vegetables, and fruit is now our dessert – and we’ve eliminated man-made sugar) is also a GREAT cancer preventative diet – as well as is what is recommended for cancer patients by the American Cancer Association.

We now understand that it feels like – it is shocking! In fact, he doesn’t remember the two days after he got the news. He was actually numb. The most important lesson we learned is that your doctor is not paid to be your friend, he or she is paid to prescribe you medicine to heal you or slow down the disease or to perform the surgery needed to remove whatever disease that can be surgically removed and/or subscribe other treatments, such as radiation.

Upon being diagnosed, you are then given more information than you can absorb, how will the disease affect your life and what your next steps are. For us, we were blessed that Bill’s brother and wife are both RNs and have dealt with heart disease personally. They became our mentors. And then the new cardiologist the Radiology center found for us was about the best doctor we’ve ever met. No matter what we were told, the most important lesson we learned is that if you are diagnosed, you are your own best advocate, researcher and finder of facts. I will say, most men aren’t very good at this from my experience in our families.

I couldn’t fathom how Bill would handle this. But he took ownership of it! He began to research what it meant, what he needed to do and how he had to take full responsibility for his journey to good health.  Fortunately, his NEW cardiologist stays up on the latest information and set the tone for Bill. He suggested what Bill “should do” (radically change his diet and exercise for a cardio workout) and told him to do his research! The burden was then on Bill – he had to drastically change his diet.

The next lesson we learned is that “food is medicine.” From Dr. Axe’s website: 

Hippocrates was to thank for the famous quote, “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food” — which we translated to “food is medicine” and use as our motto. Still to this day medical doctors and historians consider Hippocrates to be the founder of medicine as a “rational science.” Considered to be one of the most influential figures in the history of medicine and healing, Hippocrates was ahead of his time when, around the year 400 B.C, he advised people to prevent and treat diseases first and foremost by eating a nutrient-dense diet. Why is a calorie not just a calorie when it comes to your health, and how come it matters so much which types of foods you get your calories from? Foods provide us with energy (calories), but they do much more than that. The foods you include in your diet also play a critical role in controlling inflammation levels, balancing blood sugar, regulating cardiovascular health (including blood pressure and cholesterol levels), helping the digestive organs to process and eliminate waste, and much, much more.

Ugh, this sounds boring, doesn’t it? Not if your life depends on it! Neither Bill nor I were very good in biology. Although we both were good students, but much of what we had to learn was above our “pay grade!” But Bill’s life depended on it – and in time, I realized so did mine!

We had heard about controlling inflammation levels – but that didn’t really hit home until the diagnosis. Bill did feel hypoglycemic from time to time, so balancing blood sugar was a new thing he had to learn about as he learned in addition to heart disease, he was also insulin resistant. And of course, now cardiovascular health is his #1 priority. So let’s look at one other “boring” topic – that is lifesaving! Quoting from the same source:

Perhaps more than anything else in our lives, the foods we regularly eat help determine whether or not we will become ill, or remain healthy into older age. Whether vegetables, fruit, meat, oils or grains, foods contain influential substances including antioxidants, phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, fiber and much more.

Phytonutrients???? What’s that? Let’s click over to another section of Dr. Axe’s website:

Phytonutrients are nutrients found in plants that develop to protect the plant from damaging environments. Plants are exposed to excess ultraviolet radiation, predator pests, toxins and pollution, resulting in the generation of dangerous free radicals within their cells. These free radicals can then bind and damage proteins, cell membranes and DNA of the plant.

Fortunately, phytonutrients simultaneously develop to shield the plant from such damage as well as provide their color, flavor and smell. Why is this important to us? Since we are exposed to radiation and various environmental elements just like plants, we need phytonutrients to protect us.

How do we get phytonutrients? We get them by eating the plants! Each plant contains tens of thousands of different phytonutrients that can act as antioxidants, hence it’s key to eat high-antioxidant foods in order to fight free radical damage.

And guess who else wants to weigh in on our diets?

The American Cancer Society defines phytonutrients or phytochemicals as:

plant compounds like carotenoids, lycopene, resveratrol and phytosterols that are thought to have health-protecting qualities. They are found in plants such as fruits and vegetables, or things made from plants, like tofu or tea. Phytochemicals are best taken in by eating the foods that contain them rather than taking the supplements or pills.

So this is now the foundation for our new way of life. The next thing we learned was how bad two food additives are to ALL of our diets! Granted, with the population explosion, feeding the world is getting more and more difficult. So what to do? Food additives to stretch the food supply. Thus our focus is on eating whole foods and minimizing processed foods. We’ve learned that SOY can play havoc with our hormones (this is another whole blog, but for more, read here) and it is in SO MANY processed foods. Thus, we are eliminating as many as we can. If we must buy something processed, we check the ingredients. The other food additive is SUGAR we now avoid. Even artificial sweeteners as your body doesn’t really know the difference, it processes both the same. Our new sweets are our fruits – natural sugar from fruits and vegetables (yep) are good for you and are part of the “whole” foods mentioned earlier.

Sugar – is it bad or good for you? This is probably the most important thing anyone who wants better health, anyone who has been diagnosed with heart disease or cancer, needs to understand the facts around “added” sugar. We received this information a few months ago from another source. But Dr. Axe sure spells it out nicely, with links to additional information and footnotes:

Most people blame dietary fat for heart disease. And while certain industrial, inflammatory fats like trans fats do cause heart attacks, sugar is the real culprit. In fact, in 2016, researchers unearthed a huge sugar industry scandal, proving that the sugar lobby sponsored phony Harvard research in the 1960s. Turns out the sugar lobby paid Harvard researchers to take the heat off of sugar’s health effects, instead turning the focus on naturally occurring fats’ supposed role in heart disease. (1)

This faulty “research” concluded there was “no doubt” that the only dietary intervention required to prevent coronary heart disease was to eat less cholesterol and to eat polyunsaturated fat instead of saturated fat. (2)

We now know this is not true. In 2014, researchers were able to scientifically show that ingesting too much added sugar could significantly increase your risk of dying from cardiovascular disease. In fact, people getting 17 to 21 percent of calories from added sugar face a 38 percent higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease compared to those who got just 8 percent of their calories from sugar. The relative risk was more than double for those who consumed 21 percent or more of their calories from added sugar. (3)

So how are we doing after six months?  Fantastic! We have both adapted to our new way of eating, which has become second nature to us. We are committed to it and are looking forward to Bill’s next check up in August. Bill was pushing his way out of a size 36 waist and I was pushing myself out of size 12 clothes. To be realistic, we never feel we are on a diet or that we are trying to lose weight – it just happened. We finally had to buy some clothes as ours were literally falling off. Bill has lost 50 pounds (now size 32-33) and I’ve lost 25 (now size 6). As I wrote in my last post about my heart disease, I was an expert at losing – and gaining weight. I can say, this is different – it has not been a “diet” it is now a lifestyle.

Is any of this new information for you? What has been your experience? Are we late in getting on this band wagon, or are we on to something?

We want to encourage others to “think outside the box” to not just accept the diagnosis. Ask what more can you do to help your “condition.”  Ask about nutrition. We are convinced there is a correlation between disease and diet….

And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. Genesis 1:29 ESV

Heart Disease: Debbie


We’re visiting Bill’s brother, David, and wife, Linda.

“I’ve lost 100 pounds!” Yep, this is Debbie talking. No one ever believes me when I would say this. But I’ve said this many times during my 20s and 30s. No one ever knew me when I was 100 pounds overweight. You see, I’d have to clarify my statement by saying, “I’ve lost 10 pounds 10 times.”

I’ve always said I just have a “slow metabolism.” I started watching what I ate in High School and maintained my weight so I was 110 pounds when I graduated (at 5’4″ tall). Then I went away to college and gained the “freshman 15” but for me it was the Freshman 25! And then it began, gaining and losing. In my 30s I discovered exercise so for 20 years, kept my weight under control. I say all this to say, I was a pro in losing weight. And then I hit the 50s. It got to a point where I just gave up and said, “This is what happens to women in our 50s.”

Now Bill on the other hand, at 6’2″ and large boned, always ate whatever he wanted and was never concerned about his weight. Until his 60s. He thought diets were a waste of time and never saw anyone really succeed in their diets. Actually, he saw me struggle a few times so he knew how unsuccessful dieting is. And then he resolved, “I guess this is what happens in our 60s.” Continue reading

Food Revolution – going live now!

“The first interview with Sanjay Gupta, MD, an award-winning medical correspondent and a practicing neurosurgeon. His medical training and public health policy experience distinguishes his reporting from war zones and natural disasters, as well as on a range of medical and scientific topics, including the Ebola outbreak, brain injury, disaster recovery, health care reform, fitness, military medicine, and HIV/AIDS. You’ll find out about his remarkable research on how we can end heart disease permanently, and hear his extraordinary stories spreading health knowledge worldwide.”

Mimi Guarneri MD – Eating & Living for a Healthy Heart

“Dr. Guarneri is board-certified in cardiovascular disease, nuclear cardiology, and integrative holistic medicine. She is president of the Academy of Integrative Health and Medicine and a clinical associate professor at University of California, San Diego. She is also the co-founder and medical director of Guarneri Integrative Health, Inc. at Pacific Pearl La Jolla, where she leads a team of experts in conventional, integrative, and natural medicine. She is the author of The Heart Speaks and 108 Pearls to Awaken Your Healing Potential. You’ll learn about the role of relationships, attitude, and nutrition in optimizing cardiovascular health.”

Kim Williams MDProven Steps to Prevent & Reverse Heart Disease

“Dr. Kim Williams is one of the most impeccably credentialed cardiologists in the world today. He is board-certified in internal medicine, cardiovascular diseases, nuclear medicine, nuclear cardiology, and cardiovascular computed tomography. Dr. Williams is a fellow of the American College of Cardiology, and served as its president from 2015 to 2016. He has dedicated much of his life to expanding healthcare access to low income and inner city communities, and to his leadership in bringing nutritional awareness into cardiology practice. If you or anyone you love wants to prevent or reverse heart disease, Dr. William’s powerful and deeply informative message is for you.”

We are listening LIVE. It sounds like it will reinforce what we are doing.

Victory in the Valley!

Victory in the Valley!

We have been distracted by our obsession with conquering heart disease! Let’s take a break from that series and see what is really carrying us forward. I can hardly contain my excitement about a dear friend who entered into the Valley of the Shadow of Death years ago. She came out claiming VICTORY!! Actually, she went in declaring VICTORY….

If you have followed our Adventure Travel Blog, you may remember we are now minimalists. To finally adopt our dream lifestyle, Bill sold his dearly beloved motorcycle (click the link to see a picture of it) and I had to get rid of all my books!!! Ouch, it hurt us both. I’ve been a lover of books for as long as I can remember….

A VERY dear friend called me a while ago to let me know she was FINALLY writing the book I had wanted years ago. How sad I had to temper my enthusiasm with the fact, books are practically banned from our motor home as we just don’t have the spare room (Bill knows if you give an inch, I’ll take a dozen books!). Continue reading

Heart Disease: Heart Healthy Eating

Heart Disease: Heart Healthy Eating


We should learn about our hearts: “The heart is the hardest working muscle in the body.

“What is a heart healthy diet” my doctor asked me on April 12, 2017. That shocked me, she’s a medical doctor, she should know I thought. You see, when I first went to her a year ago for my yearly check up, my only complaint was my weight. And now one year later, I am down over 20 pounds. When she asked what have I been doing, I replied, “I’m eating a heart healthy diet!”

I guess it means different things to different people. I decided to do some more research and decided we might want to share exactly what we are doing, although we mentioned it previously here. Continue reading

Heart Disease: Metabolic Syndrome


April 2017. Bill has lost over 40 pounds and I’ve lost over 20. We didn’t try to do this, just changing our diet caused the weight to literally melt off! Our before picture is below.

Have you ever heard of Metabolic Syndrome? If you are like us, we never did, until December 22, 2016 when Bill was informed he had it. He was still reeling from the fact the week prior, he was told he was at risk for a massive heart attack and/or had heart disease. Like everyone who gets such a scary diagnosis, you never imagine it could happen to you.

In one way, it was a relief! It explained why Bill couldn’t lose a pound when he tried! We are a very active couple, living a lifestyle that demands activity. Or else, we chose this lifestyle because we love activity!

We love the outdoors, either to take hikes, or walk through forests, or go on long beach walks. Bill was in shock and denial because of the long hikes, going up and down some pretty steep mountains and never once felt out of breath! So I guess this means, it can happen to just about anyone without any symptoms or warnings. We know of several active men who literally dropped dead from a massive heart attack that also didn’t seem to have any symptoms. Continue reading

Heart Disease: Entering a New Country

Bill often said he felt like he was in a new country when he began to eat a Heart Healthy diet. The shock has finally subsided since he learned he had heart disease and Metabolic Syndrome on December 15, 2016, details here in case you missed it. Thankfully, Bill is a strong-willed person. When he decides he is going to do something, he does it, and usually in a big way.  He learned to accept it, written about here, and decided he would do whatever he had to do to overcome any obstacles that might hinder his lifestyle. The next step he had to go through was to decide how to live with it, written here.

Now let’s fast forward to April 11, 2017. The day finally arrived for us to meet again with Dr. Jeffrey Askew. I was very positive, but Bill’s nature was to be reserved and apprehensive. It’s a family trait! Well, drum roll…. Continue reading

Heart Disease: Understanding and how to live with it!

We are so grateful to Bill’s brother, David, and his wife, Linda. They really helped us through our first week of the shocking revelation that Bill was at risk of a massive heart attack and heart disease, written about here, in case you missed it. Thankfully, they not only are medical professionals – have attended continuing education to stay on top of their fields – but they have also focused on heart disease since David has had a heart attack.

They figured out how to live with heart disease and we have watched their lifestyle from a distance since they live states away. We don’t usually see each other more than once a year. Normally, when a sibling has a heart attack, it raises your chances. But Bill felt he and his brother had such different lifestyles, he was not at risk. Guess he was proven wrong now!

We had to wait a week before we met with a new cardiologist, Jeffrey E. Askew, MD. He happens to be one of the cardiologists intimately familiar with the Heart Calcium Scan Score. In the meantime, they told us a few things he would suggest the next step would be: possibly a heart cauterization to actually look inside his arteries to see what is going on; and/or a stress test. But more than anything, adopting a heart healthy lifestyle will be the #1 suggestion.

That is exactly what we did. We began to educate ourselves on what we were putting into our bodies. Granted, we have more or less bragged that we eat healthy, we certainly are active with walking and hiking, and we really haven’t been sick much in our lifetimes. We were deluded….

There is a way which seems right to a man, But its end is the way of death. 

Proverbs 14:12

We heard a sermon this winter that helped us see our own delusion. We tend to overestimate how “good” we are (in whatever way: fitness, relationship with the Lord, relationship with others, our health, our weight….) and underestimate the reality! We replay that a lot to each other. We knew we were gradually gaining weight, but we thought it was part of the aging process.  We told ourselves, we were eating healthy and were exercising…we aren’t that old, we did eat a basically healthy diet – but we were ignorant about preservatives, additives and how many cookies and klondike “no sugar added” ice cream squares we were eating! That undid the nine miles we may have just hiked!!!

Our sister-in-law, Linda, was our best teacher about the additives, etc. in the foods we eat and then we began to do our own research. We were shocked at some of the ingredients we were consuming in the foods we eat. We began to look up each word we didn’t know what it was – and what a shock! We began to eliminate processed foods from our diet.

We began to research what we could about heart disease. Here are a few facts we began to realize and incorporate into our lives:

It’s important to note that one common heart health mistake is to believe that lowering cholesterol levels is the key factor in preventing cardiovascular disease. Actually, the body needs cholesterol to perform many of its functions, so the ultimate goal should be to maintain healthy cholesterol levels and to protect that cholesterol from oxidative stress.

You know it’s true for everyone: having a balance and variety of foods is key to a healthy, nutritious diet. Of course, fad diets come and go, and while some stick around longer than others because of dramatic, temporary results, they all lead to nutritional deficiencies of some type.

So how do you achieve a proper balance while maintaining a healthy weight? What’s important is to manage your ratio of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. For adults, proteins should be between 10 and 35 percent of the diet, fats between 20 and 35 percent and carbohydrates between 45 and 65 percent. And in addition to helping you achieve your weight-loss goals, eating the correct ratio of foods may help you permanently change your eating habits, which can improve your long-term health.

Make sure your diet includes a wide variety of micronutrients as well. You’ll find a great deal of these in fresh, colorful vegetables and fruits. Make sure the majority of the food you eat is nutrient dense, as opposed to empty calories from processed food.
From USANA Health Sciences

We never thought about the ratios of the fats, proteins and carbs. That was the key point Linda made when she suggested we start tracking everything we eat in the Lose it! app. Since Bill doesn’t use a smart phone, I downloaded it and became his food coach, monitoring his every bite he ate! Then I downloaded the FoodEducate app to do the same for me, after all, I want him to succeed. To be honest, I needed to lose some weight and take care of my heart as well. So while his app showed us those percentages, my app also showed the “value” of the nutrition. So while we’ve basically had a high carb diet (I avoid bread and potatoes – but he ate regularly), we learned fast we needed to change! Within a few days of food tracking, we could see many carbs we now are eating are “good” carbs (mainly fresh fruit)….there is a lot to this nutrition thing! Here is a sampling of the Lose It! app:

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Bill began to see food as the “enemy” as we transitioned from a processed food diet, to one of more “whole” foods. In just one week, he lost four pounds! And that was really eliminating the junk food we didn’t really acknowledge we had in our lives. In time, he has balanced out his view of food and now knows food was created for our good! It’s just best in its more natural state!

“Don’t you see that nothing that enters a person from the outside can defile them? For it doesn’t go into their heart but into their stomach, and then out of the body.” (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.) (Mark 7:18).

It is now Thursday, December 22, 2016. Yes, right before Christmas and we are ready to learn more about Bill’s condition. When Dr. Askew came in, he had a look, “Where is the patient?” He was not expecting a rather tall, relatively slim and healthy looking guy! We joked about it, but the reality of the facts, numbers and our concern were all he needed to start explaining where we were.

The first thing he told us was that Bill had metabolic syndrome! This was actually the good news! It explained why Bill had been unable to lose any weight this past year. We had both tried to no avail.  Let’s simplify it by copying from WebMD, with my notes in italics:

Metabolic syndrome is a health condition that everyone’s talking about. (Really? We never heard of it until Bill was diagnosed with it!)

Although it was only identified less than 20 years ago, metabolic syndrome is as widespread as pimples and the common cold. According to the American Heart Association, 47 million Americans have it. That’s almost a staggering one out of every six people. The syndrome runs in families and is more common among African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans. (Bill is none of these, he’s of Irish descent.) The risks of developing metabolic syndrome increases as you age.

Indeed, metabolic syndrome seems to be a condition that many people have, but no one knows very much about. It’s also debated by the experts — not all doctors agree that metabolic syndrome should be viewed as a distinct condition….

Metabolic syndrome is not a disease in itself. Instead, it’s a group of risk factors — high blood pressure, high blood sugar, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and abdominal fat. (Later, the article says to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, you would have at least three of these risk factors – which is all Bill has.)

Obviously, having any one of these risk factors isn’t good. But when they’re combined, they set the stage for serious problems. These risk factors double your risk of blood vessel and heart disease, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes. They increase your risk of diabetes by five times.


The excellent brochure provided by Dr. Askew. Note this excerpt: “Primary care physicians, who are already experts at managing patients who have multiple medical conditions, have what it takes to reverse metabolic syndrome. Initial prevention and treatment tactics center on diet and exercise interventions.”

Dr. Askew was a great teacher. Since it was almost 4 months ago, I don’t recall exactly what he said. But Bill got it! What was so strange, is that Bill has had high triglycerides nearly ever since he has had his blood work monitored. In fact, the only concern any doctor had about Bill was his cholesterol. And Bill pushed back because it runs in the family as well as longevity.

What about triglycerides?

They are important to life and are the main form of fat – they are sometimes called “lipids” — in the body. When you think of fat developing and being stored in your hips or belly, you’re thinking of triglycerides.

They are the end product of digesting and breaking down fats in food. Some are made in the body from other energy sources, such as carbohydrates. When you’re between meals and need more energy, your body’s hormones release them so you tap those unused calories.

Bottom line is that Bill experienced the perfect storm, and there was no denying he has this syndrome. And now for the great news about it, and this was the doctor’s focus: “A good diet and exercise plan can lower triglyceride levels, improve cholesterol, and decrease the chance of heart disease.”

Dr. Askew then went into great detail about the heart function, arteries and how the calcium score revealed his risk factors. Here is what we learned in a nutshell, to better understand what Bill is facing, from Medicinenet:

Heart (cardiovascular) disease definition and facts

  • Heart disease refers to various types of conditions that can affect heart function. These types include:
    • Coronary artery (atherosclerotic) heart disease that affects the arteries to the heart
    • Valvular heart disease that affects how the valves function to regulate blood flow in and out of the heart
    • Cardiomyopathy that affects how the heart muscle squeezes
    • Heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias) that affect the electrical conduction
    • Heart infections where the heart has structural problems that develop before birth
  • Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease in the US.
  • Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle and coronary artery disease occurs when there is a buildup of cholesterol plaque inside the artery walls. Over time, this buildup of plaque may partially block the artery and decrease blood flow through it.
  • A heart attack occurs when a plaque ruptures and forms a clot in the artery causing a complete blockage. That part of the heart muscle that is denied blood supply starts to die.
  • Classic signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease may include:
    • Chest pain (angina) – This pain may radiate or move to the arm, neck or back.
    • Shortness of breath
    • Sweating
    • Nausea

Now for more good news! Bill is probably in the early stages of coronary artery disease, but since he has none of the classic signs and symptoms, he is a great candidate to turn his prognosis around. While the doctor said Bill’s calcium score will never change, he can make positive changes to his health by a radical adjustment in his diet and exercise.

Dr. Askew recommended a Mediterranean type diet and suggested we look up the diet recommended by Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr., MD. He added, it is a radical diet but this is Bill’s best hope for a long healthy life. David did go on this diet and lost 50 pounds. He was transformed into a mean, lean, fighting machine! But there was a downside…so we’ll learn about it next post.

Dr. Askew did not feel he needed to do a heart cauterization (hallelujah!) but only needs a nuclear stress test at this time. Phew, we haven’t mentioned planned to leave Virginia for three months, to go to warmer climates for the winter. It looks like we can still leave in early January.

Dr. Askew was also very optimistic about Bill’s future. He didn’t think he needs to be on any heart medicine at this time, Not even a statin – although if Bill wanted to go forward with the one the other cardiologist prescribed, it was up to him.

We left feeling somewhat optimistic, but we learned an awful lot of new information. It was going to take time for it to make sense and for us to absorb it. We just need for Bill to take that one more test, which he felt we could get scheduled within the week. And we had to get a grip on the diet.

Next up, the radical dietary changes begin.